Esarhaddon

King of Assyria 681-669 BC.
    Esarhaddon was the son of King *Sennacherib and he came into conflict with *Taharka, King of Egypt; details of his campaign against Egypt (which followed his subjugation of Syria) are preserved in cuneiform texts on stelae and tablets.
    It is reported that he besieged Memphis and destroyed it, driving *Taharka back to the south. Booty and people were carried away from Egypt, and Esarhaddon introduced the policy of appointing new rulers, governors and officials to replace those whom he mistrusted. The newly appointed included *Necho of Sais who later became a king of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty. *Taharka was able briefly to repossess Memphis when Esarhaddon died as he set out on a new campaign, but the next *Assyrian ruler, *Ashurbanipal, regained the city in 662 BC and brought in new governors and officials to replace Esarhaddon's men who had fled from Memphis.
BIBL. Borger, R. Die Inschriften Asarhaddons Konigs von Assyrien. Osnabruck: 1967; Pritchard, J.B. (Ed.) ANET 1969, Babylonian Chronicle, 292-4, 302-3.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • Esarhaddon — (Greek and Biblical form; Akkadian Aššur ahhe iddina Ashur has given a brother to me ), was a king of Assyria who reigned 681 – 669 BC. He was the youngest son of Sennacherib and the Aramean queen Naqi a (Zakitu), Sennacherib s second wife. Rise… …   Wikipedia

  • ESARHADDON — (Akk. Aššur ah (a) iddina, Ashur has given me a brother (for the other siblings); Heb. אֵסַר־חַדּוֹן), king of Assyria from 680 to 669 B.C.E., third ruler of the Sargonid dynasty. Though a younger son, he was preferred for the succession because… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Esarhaddon — /ee sahr had n/, n. (Assur akh iddin) died 669 B.C., king of Assyria 681 669 B.C. * * * ▪ king of Assyria also spelled  Essarhaddon , Assyrian  Ashur aha iddina (“Ashur Has Given Me a Brother”)  flourished 7th century BC    king of Assyria… …   Universalium

  • Esarhaddon — (reigned ca. 680 669 b.c.)    one of the most accomplished of the kings of the Assyrian Empire and the first to successfully invade Egypt. Esarhaddon and his brothers assassinated their father, Sennacherib, in 681 b.c.; after a struggle among the …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • ESARHADDON — (ASHUR AHHE IDDINA in assyrian; reigned 680–669 B.C.)    Assyrian king, son and successor of Sennacherib, who had been assassinated in a palace coup. According to Esarhaddon’s own inscriptions, his father had destined him, though the youngest, to …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Esarhaddon —    Assur has given a brother, successor of Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38). He ascended the throne about B.C. 681. Nothing further is recorded of him in Scripture, except that he settled certain colonists in Samaria (Ezra 4:2). But from… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Esarhaddon — King of Assyria, 681–669 BCE. He exacted tribute from Israel and Judah and rebuilt Babylon, for which he required materials from subject peoples …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Esarhaddon — /ee sahr had n/, n. (Assur akh iddin) died 669 B.C., king of Assyria 681 669 B.C …   Useful english dictionary

  • Assarhaddón — (Esarhaddon) ► Rey de Asiria en 681 669 a C, hijo de Senaquerib y padre de Assurbanipal. Llevó sus conquistas hasta Egipto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ashurbanipal — King of Assyria Ashurbanipal on a chariot during a royal lion hunt. Reign 668 – c. 627 BC Akkadian …   Wikipedia

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